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Menya ubunyangamugayo bwinkingo zahagaritswe kuva mububiko kugeza kububiko n'umutekano w'abakora

Kugeza ubu, inkingo nyinshi z’inkoko zikoreshwa mu bworozi. Benshi muribo, nkurukingo rwa Marek cyangwa urukingo rwa Vector HVT, babikwa muri azote yuzuye (-196 ° C; -320 ° F) kugirango bakomeze kuba inyangamugayo.
Inzira yo gushyigikira uburyo bwiza bwo gutwara no kubika inkingo zafunzwe biragoye. Porotokole ikonje ikonje irimo ibikoresho, ibikoresho, hamwe nuburyo bigomba gutegurwa kugirango harebwe niba ibibindi byahagaritswe kuva igihe byakozwe kugeza bikingiwe.
Kugira ngo ibyo bishoboke, icya mbere, inkingo zahagaritswe zitanga ibyemezo by’ubuziranenge (QA) no kugenzura ubuziranenge (QC) mu kigo cy’ibicuruzwa mbere yo koherezwa ku rwego mpuzamahanga. Baca bagenzurwa mugihe bakiriwe mububiko bwaho, mugihe cyo kubika, nigihe biteguye kugezwa mububiko.
Azote y'amazi irakenewe kugirango ingirabuzimafatizo zizima mu rukingo. Azote yuzuye irashobora gukoreshwa neza mugihe ibikoresho byo gukingira byakoreshejwe, mubikoresho bikwiye, na nyuma y amahugurwa yihariye. Imikorere myiza ikoreshwa kuri buri cyiciro cyibikorwa byo gukwirakwiza bizarinda umutekano w'abakozi bose bagize uruhare mu gutanga inkingo zafunzwe.
Inyamanswa nicyiciro cyambere cyubuzima bwikigo. Gahunda yo gukingira ubu ikoreshwa cyane cyane mu bworozi, bikaba intambwe ikomeye mu ruhererekane rw'ibiribwa.
Gucika urukingo rwurukingo rukonje bizagira ingaruka zikomeye kumurongo wose. Gukingiza umukumbi urukingo rwa thaw bizavamo kutakingirwa. Ku rwego rw'imirima, irashobora kugira ingaruka ku musaruro bitewe no gukoresha imiti igabanya ubukana bwa antibiyotike, imikorere mibi y’inyamaswa, hamwe n’impfu nyinshi n’indwara. Byongeye kandi, mugihe cyo kubagwa, igipimo gito cyo gukingirwa gishobora kongera igipimo cy’ibisigazwa kandi biganisha ku bwiza bw’imirambo.
Kubera ko hari ingingo nyinshi zigomba kugenzurwa kugirango urukingo rwahagaritswe, inzira isaba kandi ubumenyi bwumwuga. Abakozi badahuguwe barashobora gushyira ubunyangamugayo bwinkingo mubyumba. Hatariho amahugurwa no guhuza ibikoresho, abakozi ba hatchery bafite ibyago byo gukomeretsa, bishobora gukurura urukurikirane.
Kubwibyo rero, imbogamizi nyamukuru kuri ubwo bworozi ni ukubona amahugurwa akwiye yo kurinda umutekano w’abagize itsinda ryayo no gukoresha inkingo zabitswe neza ku mukumbi wacyo.
Kimwe nibindi bishya Ceva yazanye ku isoko ry’inkoko, turashaka gufasha abakiriya bacu gukemura ibyo bibazo bikomeye mu bworozi.
Nkuko twese tubizi, abakiriya bacu benshi bumva bafite irungu muriki cyiciro. Kubwibyo, Ceva yateguye indi serivise, LINILOG, kugirango twuzuze icyifuzo cyacu.
Serivisi ya LINILOG (isukari ya azote yuzuye) yashinzwe mu 2010 itangirira ku ruganda rwacu rwa Ceva Lenexa muri Amerika. Kuva icyo gihe, yoherejwe ku isi hose. Ubu serivisi ishyirwa mubikorwa mu nganda zacu 3 zahagaritswe zikingira inkingo hamwe nububiko bwibigo byacu byose hamwe nabafatanyabikorwa. Iyi serivisi irakoreshwa no mubyumba byakira inkingo zahagaritswe na Ceva kandi byashyizwe mubikorwa neza muribyinshi kwisi.
Serivisi ya LINILOG ishingiye ku nkingi 4, ifasha mu gukomeza ubusugire bw'urukingo n'umutekano w'abakozi bafitanye isano:
Umuntu wese ugira uruhare mu gutunganya inkingo zafunzwe agomba guhugurwa muburyo bwihutirwa bwo gutabara no mubikorwa byumutekano.
Kurinda ubukonje, abakozi bagomba guhabwa ibikoresho byo kurinda umuntu (PPE) kandi bagahora bambara mugihe bakora azote yuzuye. Tanga urutonde rwuzuye rwibikoresho byo kurinda abafatanyabikorwa ba Ceva nabakiriya babo. Muri 2020, amaseti agera kuri 250 yoherejwe mu bihugu 43 bitandukanye.
Niba icyumba kidahumeka neza, guhumeka birashobora kubaho. Icyumba kigomba kuba gifite ibyuma bifata umuyaga kugirango bigumane urugero rwiza rwa ogisijeni kumubiri wumuntu. Birasabwa gukoresha sensor ya ogisijeni.
Mugabanye ingaruka zose ziterwa nubushyuhe bwicyumba kandi buri gihe ugenzure uburyo bwo kubika inkingo mubihingwa bitanga umusaruro, ububiko nububiko.
Byakagombye kwitabwaho cyane mugihe inkingo ziri mububiko zigomba kuvanwa muri azote yuzuye mugihe cyo kuyakira, mugihe cyoherejwe muri kontineri kijya mubindi bikoresho, mugihe cyo kugenzura no gutegura ibicuruzwa.
Muri nyakatsi, abakiriya bahuguwe kandi bashishikarizwa kwita cyane kubakira no kubara no gutegura inkingo.
Nyuma ya buri kimwe muri ibyo bikorwa, urwego rwa azote yuzuye hamwe nuburinganire bwa ampule ihindagurika birakurikiranwa kandi bikandikwa. Bitewe nuburyo bugaragara bwo kugenzura, kugerageza bishoboka no gukurikirana imibare, flask ya Dewar yakiriwe neza mubyiciro byose.
Ukoresheje sisitemu yo gukurikirana sisitemu, amacupa ya Dewar mumato ya Ceva arashobora kumenyekana kandi aherereye mugihe icyo aricyo cyose kurwego rwisi. Ibikoresho bishaje byerekana ibyago byo kunanirwa cyangwa kuvunika bishobora kutagaragara, bityo bikabangamira ubusugire bwurukingo. Turabikesha iyi sisitemu yo gukurikirana, Ceva irashobora kwemeza ko dewars zose zikoreshwa ari nzima kandi zishobora gutanga ibikoresho bishya mububiko igihe bikenewe.
Hamwe nimyandikire yuzuye yibikorwa byose byo gukurikirana byakorewe kuri Dewar, turashobora gukurikirana ubuzima bwo kubika urukingo rwahagaritswe.
Muri Ceva, abakozi bose bagize uruhare mu bikoresho bya azote yuzuye, uhereye ku bashinzwe gutanga amasoko kugeza ku mpuguke za incubation hamwe n’itsinda ry’ububiko, bahawe amahugurwa meza na LINILOG. Ububiko bwacu bwose hamwe nabafatanyabikorwa bacu banyura munzira imwe kandi bagakoresha ibipimo byacu mugenzura risanzwe.
Tanga ibikoresho byihariye byo kurinda abakiriya, kandi wakire amahugurwa ninama kubibikwa mugihe utangiye gukoresha inkingo zafunzwe. Serivisi ishinzwe gukingira Ceva hamwe nibikoresho birashobora kandi kuyobora abakiriya bacu no gukurikirana ikoranabuhanga ryabo ryo kuvura azote mugihe basuye buri gihe.
Nyuma yimyaka irenga 10 yo kunoza imikorere yimikorere no kuyishyira mubikorwa mubihugu / uturere birenga 70, hakozwe ubushakashatsi muri 2020 kugirango harebwe imikorere ya serivisi za LINILOG. Yapimye umubare w’imvune zatewe no kuvura azote y’amazi, n’umubare w’ibisabwa kwandikirwa inkingo zogosha igihe byakiriwe mu bubiko bwaho cyangwa mu bubiko.
Hagati ya 2015 na 2019, mu bihugu / uturere 31, hamenyekanye imvune 1 gusa yatewe no kuvura azote y’amazi, naho impuzandengo ya 0.3% yoherezwa mu nganda zahuye n’ibibazo by’inkingo zikekwa. Ibi birerekana ko ishyirwa mubikorwa rya serivisi ya LINILOG mubyiciro byose byumunyururu bifasha kumenya ibikoresho bya azote yuzuye. Ariko icy'ingenzi, kuri buri kirego, habonetse igisubizo maze hashyirwa mubikorwa gahunda y'ibikorwa kugirango ikibazo kitazongera kubaho, ibyo bikaba byerekana ko itsinda ryiyemeje guhaza ibyo abakiriya bakeneye.
Mugihe cyo gusura buri gihe inyamanswa, serivisi yo gukingira Ceva hamwe nitsinda ryibikoresho byitoza kandi ikagenzura itsinda ry’abacuruzi kubikorwa byiza byo kuvura azote.
Muri 2019, amacumbi yose yasuwe na Ceva kwisi yose yerekanye impuzandengo ya 95% kumutekano wabakoresha no gusaba imyitozo myiza, naho impuzandengo ya 97% kubisabwa byiza bikingira ubusugire bwinkingo, byerekana ko imyitozo isanzwe ari ishingiro ry'imyitozo myiza. Ibikoresho bya azote.
Tekiniki ya genetike ifasha kunoza guhanura virusi yindwara zanduye zanduye (IBDV) zagaragaje ko zitera amoko arindwi mashya ya virusi itera indwara zikingira indwara. …
Impuguke mu buzima bw’inkoko yavuze ko kwitondera amakuru arambuye ari ngombwa mu gihe harebwa niba inkingo ziterwa na bronhite zandura n’izindi ndwara z’ubuhumekero zifite akamaro gashoboka.
Umuhanga mu by'imirire y’inkoko UNE, Dr. Natalie Morgan yakoze iperereza niba imyanda ishobora kuzamura umusaruro w’inkoko.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nzeri-18-2021